Demonstrating against the policies of drug companies, a
protestor symbolically cuts the tube to a female patient receiving intravenous
aid during a protest action outside the WTO building in Geneva, Monday. Talks
failed Friday to resolve differences between the US and developing countries
over access to essential medicines. (AFP photo)...
Namibia - Ninety-year-old Albertina is forced to look
after her grandchildren, after their parents died from Aids. It is world Aids
Day on December 1. As on every other day this year, more than 8,000 people will
die of Aids and there will be 14,000 new HIV infections. (AFP photo)...
December 1, World AIDS day. Drug companies sell life
for money: advocate pain, suffering and death for the poor. WWJD
The most important ethical and moral problem that presently exists in the global
society is the question of whether or not nations should provide AIDS drugs to
the poor. And if they do, how much money are the drug companies who
developed these drugs going to be allowed to make in profits.
Canada has warned the drug companies that they will either make the drugs
available at reduced rates or Canadians will begin to produce generic
What is to be done with the incredible miracle that the drug companies have
created with the new range of AIDS drugs. And who can doubt that without a
profit incentive, those drugs would have never been developed.
So what is going to be the trade off? How much profit should they be
allowed to make? How can drugs that cost $10,000 in the USA be made
available to people around the world who make $1,000 per year?
And if those drugs can be bought in India for $300, why should Americans pay
It would seem to me that those who make the drugs should be allowed a certain
level of profit. After that, there should be a reduction. In the
case of a worldwide epidemic, it would be nice if all the countries in the world
set up a fund to develop these drugs. But then there would be arguing over
who would be designated to work on the project with each nation demanding a
place for its scientists based on its contribution.
The other possibility is that the UN buys the patent on the drugs. This
becomes tricky because the more AIDS is allowed to advance, the more the drug is
worth. Isn't this a sick situation; a company would limit the availability
of the drug on the market for the purpose of increasing the market through an
expanding infection rate among the world population. And this is the
paradox of global ethic and morality.
Government has a very poor history of creating anything unless one looks at
the space program. If we could just funnel some of the kill Saddam money
into a commitment to slowing down and ending the AIDS epidemic, miracles would
But then there is the peripheral question of over population. The world
needs to thin out its population and now, according to many fundamental
religionists, God is taking care of the problem with a plague of global
proportions. Under this mind set, there is no need to be concerned about
providing drugs to anyone.
The world seems to be more civilized but in truth the primal nature of human
beings permeates everything. In the end, it is survival of the
fittest. In the end, the survivor religionists say that God loves them;
right up to the time of the final judgment preached by fundamental
Christians. At the final accounting, Jesus will ask the condemning
question: "What did you do to stop the suffering caused by AIDS ?"
November 30, 2002
WTO Negotiations on Drug Access
The Associated Press, Fri 29 Nov 2002
GENEVA (AP) — Negotiators failed Friday to resolve differences between
the United States and developing countries over access to essential
medicines, but hoped to renew efforts in early December, trade officials
``Delegations need time to take stock of the situation and to consult in
capitals,'' said Eduardo Perez Motta of Mexico, chairman of the World
Trade Organization negotiations.
Perez Motta urged delegates to show more flexibility when talks resume in
the coming days.
The United States, which wants to protect its pharmaceutical industry
patents, said it remained committed to supporting poor countries' access
to drugs to fight epidemics but opposed extending an accord to other
``Everyone needs to keep their eye on the ball,'' said U.S. Ambassador
Linnet F. Deily. ``Our goal here is to fight the scourge of AIDS and other
The African group, supported by other developing countries, expressed
disappointment at what they described as proposals that would narrow the
accord reached at a meeting of trade ministers in Doha, Qatar, last year.
At issue are the WTO rules on intellectual property. The Doha meeting
recognized the right of WTO members to override patents on expensive
Western drugs and make the products themselves when public health is at
However, drugs made under such licensing were to be used domestically, not
exported. That meant a country without a drug industry was no better off
because it could neither make the drugs nor buy them from another country.
Delegates aim to resolve the differences by year's end. Perez Motta said
he would like to have an accord ready for the major WTO meeting Dec. 10.
Trade officials said the breakdown in talks was commonplace during complex
issues, but that progress had been made because delegations now understand
each other's positions.
``As I have always cautioned, the devil is in the detail, and this is
indeed what we have found,'' said Perez Motta.
Although there is general agreement that the least developed countries
should be given access to cheap generic drugs, there is no consensus on
whether this right should be bestowed on wealthier developing countries
such as Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
There is also no agreement on whether to drop the usual patent protection
just for specific diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria —
as the United States wants — or for all diseases including cancer and
diabetes. Another difference is whether the relaxed rules should cover
public health or be restricted to emergencies like epidemics.
World Aids Day tackles discrimination
November 29, 2002 8:18 PM
It is World Aids Day on December 1. As
on every other day this year, more than
8,000 people will die of Aids and there
will be 14,000 new HIV infections.
Fighting discrimination is the focus of
the 2002/2003 campaign. “You won’t
get Aids just by talking about it,” is
one message seen on posters across
year's message is that the impact of stigma can
be as detrimental as the virus itself
in HIV blamed on complacency
Prejudice can take a variety of forms from Swiss
insurance companies who refuse to cover sick pay
for people with HIV/Aids, to countries which
refuse entry to sufferers.
According to UNAids, 42 million people are now
living with HIV worldwide. Five million were
newly infected in 2002 and 3.1 million people
were killed by Aids this year.
“Ignorance, misunderstanding and prejudice
makes life difficult and favour the spread of
the disease,” said Ruth Rutman, director of
the Swiss Aids Federation.
“The impact of stigma can be as detrimental as
the virus itself,” said UN secretary-general,
Kofi Annan in his World Aids Day message.
“Some people with Aids are being denied basic
rights such as food or shelter, and dismissed
from jobs they are perfectly fit to perform.
“They may be shunned by their community or by
their own family. The fear of stigma leads to
silence and when it comes to fighting Aids,
silence is death.”
Some Swiss insurance companies have refused to
provide sick pay insurance to people with HIV.
They have also tried to delay paying pensions to
people forced to retire early and raised
difficulties with invalidity insurance.
Nearly 100 countries around the world have
restrictions on entry or length of stay for
people who are HIV-positive. Some forbid entry
altogether including Iraq and the United States.
“The main difficulties are concerned with
insurance,” Caroline Suter of the Swiss Aids
Federation, told swissinfo. “The other problem
is with the protection of personal information.
“At work, the employer and the co-employees
often become aware that someone is HIV-positive
or has Aids and this gives rise to
discrimination and the employer has no right to
ask this question or get to know this
The Swiss Aids Federation has been working with
the trade unions and employers to try to tackle
“We feel that people are not aware of the
problem,” Rutman told swissinfo. “Instead of
fighting against the illness, they fight against
the people who have that illness.
“We have to make sure that this changes not
only in Switzerland but worldwide. In
Switzerland we know where we can fight and where
we can get results.
“We see it at the workplace, we see it in
connection with insurance and we see it
especially with data protection.”
Daniel Biedermann, director of the Swiss Red
Cross, told swissinfo that discrimination can
actually lead to the spread of Aids.
He said it created a climate in which it’s
difficult to talk about the disease and in which
sexual partners risk transmitting HIV because
they are afraid to reveal that they might be
Biedermann said the Swiss Red Cross was
participating in this year’s campaign because
the spread of Aids had a humanitarian dimension
as well as a health and social one.
The international Aids day campaign, conceived
by the advertising agency, Saatchi and Saatchi,
can be seen on public transport in the larger
Regional activities include concerts, theatre
and street events.
swissinfo, Vincent Landon
Funerals, Hope mark World AIDS day
by Andrew Quinn, Reuters
JOHANNESBURG (Dec. 1) - Millions of people around the globe marked World AIDS Day on Sunday with marches, prayers and hope amid grim statistics that show the epidemic outpacing all efforts to control it.
In China, officials instructed one million students to launch a new national AIDS awareness campaign while in Britain, health experts warned of a startling spike in new infections, and in South Africa -- the country worst hit by the disease -- activists held a mass funeral for babies.
''We pay tribute to all the children who have passed away in our care,'' said Jackie Schoeman of the Cotlands Baby Sanctuary, which held a ceremony Sunday in Johannesburg to inter the cremated ashes of some of the littlest victims.
Sunday's World AIDS Day activities highlight how dangerously the disease has spread since it was first detected among homosexual men in the United States in 1981.
Estimates released by the United Nations last week indicate that more than 40 million people worldwide are infected with HIV, the virus which causes AIDS, the vast majority of them in sub-Saharan Africa.
AIDS will have killed 3.1 million people by the end of this year, while five million more will have been infected, UNAIDS said in its report.
Ominously, the virus appears to be both spreading into regions which could transform the epidemic into a truly global disaster and developing resistance to AIDS-fighting drugs, complicating the quest for a vaccine.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with 1.2 million cases, now show the fastest growing epidemics, while officials fear that China and India are AIDS time bombs.
Already an estimated one million Chinese are infected with HIV and the United Nations said the number could reach 10 million people -- equivalent to the entire population of Belgium -- by the end of this decade.
Worldwide, half of those infected are now women, the report says, meaning more babies could become infected through their mothers.
In New York City, where the gay community suffered the first major U.S. outbreak of AIDS more than 20 years ago, a World AIDS Day rally emphasized the disease's spread to every community.
''It's time to stop the denial, the partying and the pretension: AIDS kills gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and straight people,'' said Doneley Meris, who helps run mental health and social services for people living with HIV and AIDS.
And in San Francisco, where the gay community was also devastated by the disease, AIDS activists honored victims of the deadly illness with a ceremony at Golden Gate Park's National AIDS Memorial Grove.
''Anyone who has been touched by HIV or AIDS either through their own infection or through loved ones is invited to find remembrance and renewal through Sunday's commemoration,'' said Gary Pike, co-chair of the National Aids Memorial Grove.
To see what damage AIDS can do, one has only to look at southern Africa, where almost 30 million people are already infected with the disease.
Food output is falling, due to drought and the fact that agricultural workers are dying. Millions of children have been orphaned by the disease. Cemetery space is running out, average life expectancy is falling and billions of dollars are being chopped from the region's already fragile economies.
''There is no longer a distinction between those living with HIV/AIDS and those who are not,'' South African Deputy President Jacob Zuma said in the government's official World AIDS Day speech Sunday. ''We are all living with the disease and are affected by it in many ways.''
Treatment, now limited to expensive and complicated cocktails of anti-retroviral drugs, reaches only a tiny handful of AIDS sufferers who need it.
Fear and prejudice stalk victims of the disease, who are often ostracized from community support networks at their moment of greatest need. And awareness of the disease lags, despite massive efforts to educate people about how it is transmitted and how to avoid it.
China, long criticized for its sluggish response to the threat, launched a new round of awareness and prevention campaigns Sunday, taking on social taboos on talking about sexual activities in public.
'MOVING IN THE WRONG DIRECTION'
At Beijing's Great Hall of the People, China's political center, the government launched a national campaign for students to spread out into the countryside to educate people about the disease and denounce discrimination against victims.
In a sign that developed countries may be in for another AIDS shock after seeing new cases decline in recent years, British officials said this week that the country was likely to have a 20 percent increase in new HIV cases this year -- a number twice that reported at the end of the 1990s.
''We are moving in the wrong direction and that is extremely worrying,'' said Dr Barry Evans, a health expert at the Public Health Laboratory Service which monitors infectious disease.
Officials point to some hopeful signs, including some successful AIDS awareness campaigns in Africa and moves by drug companies to slash the price of anti-AIDS drugs.
But treatment, even when it is available, is always going to be the most expensive option.
UNAIDS calculates that by 2007 the world will have to find about $15 billion a year to treat and combat AIDS in low and middle income countries -- but contributions to the new Global Fund designed to spearhead anti-AIDS work are lagging.
Former U.S. President Bill Clinton, who heads an international anti-AIDS group with former South African President Nelson Mandela, said governments must push drug companies to provide medicines at discount prices and allow poor countries to buy generic drugs.
''Given that medicine can turn AIDS from a death sentence into a chronic illness and reduce mother-to-child transmission, our withholding of treatment will appear to future historians as medieval, like bloodletting,'' Clinton wrote in The New York Times.
Mandela said the fear and stigma associated with the disease was almost as damaging as the epidemic itself.
''Many who suffer from HIV and AIDS are not killed by the virus, but by stigma,'' Mandela said at a World AIDS Day appearance in the city of Bloemfontein.
''You have to sympathize with them. It is your duty to be human. Do not stigmatize people with AIDS. Show them care, support and, above all, love,'' Mandela said.
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